Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease affects the gums that surround the teeth and the bones that support them. Plaque that is left on the teeth builds up and eventually changes from a sticky film into tartar (calculus). Together, plaque and tartar begin to break down the gums and bone in the mouth. A common symptom of periodontal disease is red, swollen and bleeding gums. Typically, the first stages of periodontal disease are often painless. It is estimated that four out of every five people have some stage of the disease but are not aware of it.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss, and it has also been associated with other serious diseases, including bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, stroke, increased risk during pregnancy and cardiovascular disease. Researchers are currently working to find out if the bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects the conditions of other systemic diseases. The risk of periodontal disease is known to increase with people who smoke.


  • Red, or reddish-purple, swollen, tender gums.
  • Gums that bleed very easily, even with gentle brushing.
  • Gums that hurt only when touched.
  • Gums that have a “shiny look”.
  • Gums that have receded from your teeth.
  • Continuous bad taste in mouth or bad breath.
  • Mouth sores.
  • New spaces between teeth.
  • Pus between teeth and gums.
  • Teeth that are loose or a bite that changes.

You can reduce your risk of periodontal disease by having a good oral hygiene routine at home, sticking to a balanced diet, and routine trips to our dentists. If you feel you are suffering from periodontal disease, call Sinking Spring Family Dental to schedule a consultation today.